For more information please get in touch with the general editors or the associate editor Sidney Shep (


We are looking for contributors for entries on the following:


Proposed People/firms:

William Blades (1824-1890): printer, collector, and bibliographer; partner in London-based firm of Blades, East & Blades; researched, wrote and published Life and Typography of William Caxton, England's First Printer (1861-1863), Shakespeare and Typography (1872), The Enemies of Books (1880) and journalistic contributions; was well-connected with the London printing fraternity; library gifted to St Bride and catalogued by John Southward.

Joseph Gould (  ): author of The Letter-Press Printer (1876) who radically advocated designing type layouts before setting and locking up.

Thomas Hailing (    ): Cheltenham-based printer and proprietor of the Oxford Printing Works, whose quality design and printing epitomized by his house journal, Hailing’s Circular (1877-1889), caught the attention of the world; developed the concept of a Printers’ International Specimen Exchange which was subsequently realized by Andrew Tuer and Ye Leadenhall Press and later Raithby and Lawrence; as importer of types from Boston and St. Louis, as well as sole importer of American printing trade magazines such as The American Model Printer and The Superior Printer, Hailing was in the position of influencing contemporary British printing in many ways.

Oscar Harpel (  ): American printer based in Cincinnati; author of Harpel’s Typograph, or Book of Specimens  (1870), highly influential treatise that catalysed the artistic printing movement with an important section on the use of colour.

Robert Hilton (  ): career journalist and trade press editor; started and edited The British Printer; an astute critic of typography who initially worked with Andrew Tuer and the Leadenhall Press as the commentator on entries for the Printers’ International Specimen Exchange which were published in the Printing and Paper Trades Review; when Tuer withdrew from publication, Hilton took the PISE to Raithby and Lawrence, but after a question of legal ownership of the rights, relinquished his interest in the publication and focused on his brainchild British Printer.

Charles Thomas Jacobi (1853-1933): author of The Printers’ Handbook of Trade Recipes, Hints, & Suggestions relating to Letterpress and Lithographic Printing Bookbinding, Stationery Engraving, Etc. (London, 1887), plus The Printers’ Vocabulary , and Gesta Typographica (1897); manager of the Chiswick Press, London; writer and lecturer on printing.

John Johnson (1777-1848): printer; author of the influential Typographia; or, the printer’s instructor (London, 1824); see

George W. Jones (1860-1942): printer, typographer and type designer; foreman at Raithby and Lawrence, Leicester and Darien Press, Edinburgh; involved with trade publications The British Printer and The Printing World; founder of the British Typographia (1887) whose aim was to consolidate employers and printers and focus on vocational, technical training.

Ye Olde Leadenhall Press: known as Ye Leadenhall Press, a London-based operation co-founded by Andrew Tuer and Field; publications were self-consciously antiquarian.

M.P. McCoy (  ): New York, then London-based printer and colleague of William James Kelly, American printer extraordinaire and founder of The American Model Printer; went to London in the mid-1880s to investigate the local printing scene, advertising Golding jobbing presses and other American printing materials; conducted trade journals The Modern Printer (1884-1888) and Typographic Chronicle.

Raithby & Lawrence: Leicester printing firm, noted for its printing of the widely disseminated and influential periodical, The British Printer; through the efforts and exacting standards of its foreman and chief typographic designer (a new profession for the time) George W. Jones, then Robert Grayson, the firm developed the so-called Leicester Free Style which was England’s answer to the artistic printing movement;

Talbot Baines Reed (1852-1893): managing director of Fann Street Typefoundry, London; bibliographer and collector, type historian and author of A History of Old English Letter Foundries (1887) as well as boys’ adventure/school stories published in Boys’ Own Paper as well as volume form; library gifted to St Bride and catalogued by John Southward.

John Smith (   ): author of The Printer’s Grammar (London, 1755): still influential as many 19thc printers’ manuals including Timperley’s cut and paste from each other.

John Southward (1840-1902): Liverpool-born writer and printer, educator and librarian; trained with father; co-editor of Liverpool Philosophical Magazine and Liverpool Observer; moved to London where was editor of Printers’ Register (1886-1890), then took over from Andrew Tuer the Paper and Printing Trades Journal (1891-1893); best known for Dictionary of Typography and its Accessory Arts (1872), Practical Printing (1882), Modern Printing (1898-1900). See

(William) John Stonhill (   ): printer, publisher, editor of The British and Colonial Printer and Stationer and Newspaper Press Record; left Printers’ Register to open literary agency and continue work as independent journalist

Caleb Stower (1778-1816): author of The Printers’ Grammar (London, 1808)

Andrew White Tuer (1838-1900): co-founder of printing firm Field & Tuer (1862); proprietor of Ye Leadenhall Press, London; founder and editor of Paper and Printing Trades Journal; founder and initial publisher of the Printers’ International Specimen Exchange (1880-1896); regular correspondent to The Times, The Athenaeum, and Notes and Queries. See

Austin Wood’s Anglo-American Typographia (1884-1888): London; Irregular; printed and published by Austin Wood; includes type specimens and imposition diagrams.

The Bookbinder (1887-1889): London; Annually, three issues only; subtitled “an illustrated journal for binders, librarians, and all lovers of books”.

The Bookbinders’ and Machine Rulers’ Consolidated Union Trade Circular (1848-1890): London, Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow; Monthly with publication rotating between union centres and taken on by different printers: W. Fearnall & Co., A. Patrick, North of England Cooperative Society, Lee & Nightingale, Aird & Coghill

Bookbinders’ Trade Circular (1850-1877): London; Irregular, published by the London Consolidated Society of Journeymen Bookbinders

The Book Finishers’ Friendly Circular (1845-1850): London; published by the Finishers’ Friendly Association

>>>The Bookseller (1858-2005+)[done]

The Booksellers’ Record and Trade Register (1859): London; Weekly, seven issues only, published by J. Crockford; has headline “The critic and letters etc.”

The British and Colonial Printer and Stationer and Newspaper Press Record (1878-1890+): London; Monthly then weekly from 1881/2; edited by W. John Stonhill; variant titles, including “…and Paper Trade Review” from 1879, “…Booksellers’ Circular and Paper Trade Review” 1883, “…and Booksellers’ Circular” from 1884-1890; continued as British & Colonial Printer & Stationer from 1892.

The British Printer (1888-1889+): Leicester and London; Alternate months; printed and published by Raithby and Lawrence; proposed and initially edited by Robert Hilton; Raithby and Lawrence were at the forefront of the artistic printing movement.

Caslon’s Circular (1875-1890+): London; Quarterly; important internally distributed organ of the Caslon typefoundry and printers’ supply house.

The Compositors’ Chronicle (1840-1843): Monthly journal printed and published by R. Thompson, subtitled “an epitome of events interesting to printers”; continued as The Printer

Effective Advertiser (1884-1890+): London; Quarterly; full title The World’s Printers, Stationers, and Kindred Traders’ Effective Advertiser; continued as Imperial Printer.

English Stationer (1881-1886): London; Monthly; subtitled “a monthly journal for stationers and printers”.

The Fancy Trades Register and Trade Circular for Stationers, Printers, Binders (1865): London; Monthly; one issue, then amalgamated with The Stationer.

Fleet-Street Gazette (1874): London; alternate Saturdays, seven issues only.

Hailing’s Circular (1877-1889): Cheltenham; Quarterly from 1879; house journal of the printer Thomas Hailing who advocated for higher standards in the printing trade and proposed the concept of a Printers’ International Specimen Exchange which was subsequently undertaken by Andrew Tuer of The Leadenhall Press.

Hazell’s Magazine (1887-1890+): London; Monthly; edited by Henry Jowett; printed and published by Hazell, Watson, and Viney; subtitled “a monthly journal of literary effort, notes, news, and gossip, written entirely by, and for, the staff of Hazell, Watson, and Viney, limited”.

The Journal of the Typographic Arts (1860-1862): London; Monthly, short-lived but very well respected for its high production values and influential in printing circles internationally.

The Library Circular of New and Second-hand Books (1862): London; Monthly, nine issues only.

The Literary Mart and Book Exchange (1874-1876): London; Monthly.

The Lithographer (1870-1874): London; Monthly; subtitled “a monthly journal of lithography and its kindred arts”; merged with Printing Times.

The London Press Journal & General Trades Advocate (1858-1859): London; Monthly, four issues only; edited by Edwin S. Mantz; formerly Typographical Circular, London.

The London, Provincial, and Colonial Press News (1866-1890): London; Monthly; conducted by William Dorrington; subtitled “a literary and business journal”; frequently abbreviated to Press News; see entry

Macniven and Cameron’s Paper Trade Review (1862-1864): Edinburgh; Monthly.

The Modern Printer (1884-1888): London; Quarterly; publication suspended 1886-1887; conducted by M.P. McCoy.

Music Publishers’ Circular and Monthly Trade List (1853): London; Monthly, four issues only.

The Newspaper Press (1866-1872): London; Monthly; edited by Alexander Andrews; subtitled “an organ of intercommunication”; merged with The Printers’ Register.

Paper and Print (1879-1884): London; Weekly; subtitled “a weekly newspaper for printers, type founders, engineers, machinists, paper makers, stationers, bookbinders, material manufacturers, etc.”.

>>>Paper and Printing Trades Journal (1872-1896): London; Quarterly [done]

The Paper Consumers’ Circular (1879-1882): London; Irregular; published by Ladelle and Company.

The Paper-makers’ Circular (1861-1863): London; Monthly, published by G. Unwin; subtitled “and Rag Prices Current”; continued as the Paper Makers’ Circular and Wholesale Stationers’ Weekly Gazette and Price Current.

Paper Makers’ Circular and Rag Merchants’ and Wholesale Stationers’ Gazette and Prices Current (1874-1890+): London; Weekly then monthly from 1875; variant title [check] Paper Makers’ Circular and Wholesale Stationers’ Weekly Gazette and Price Current; title changes from v.5 The Paper Makers’ Circular; a monthly record”.

Paper Makers’ Monthly Journal (1863-1890+): London; Monthly.

Paper Making and Selling (1881-1890?): London; edited by The doctor (W.F. Catcheside); not sighted by THH.

Paper Record (1886-1890+): London; Monthly; edited by John P.S. Smith.

Paper-Trades News (1860-1861): London; subtitled “a monthly journal” but issued first weekly, then monthly; continued as The Stationers’, Printers’ and Bookbinders’ Monthly Journal.

The Paper Trade Review (1883-1890+): London; Weekly; subtitled “a weekly journal for paper makers and engineers”; formerly incorporated into British and Colonial Printer and Stationer; continued as The World’s Paper Trade Review.

The Printer (1843-1845): London; Monthly journal, formerly The Compositors’ Chronicle.

The Printer (1883-1888): London; Quarterly; conducted by W.A. Coote; subtitled “a quarterly journal devoted to the interests of printers and printing”; not to be confused with same title from 1840s.

The Printers’ Friend (1880-1883): London; Quarterly; printed/published by R. Blackman, engraver; title adds “…Stationers’ Circular” from 1882.

Printers’ International Specimen Exchange (1880-1896): London and Leicester; initially annual, then irregular.

The Printers’ Journal and Typographical Magazine (1865-1869): London; Weekly.

The Printers’, Lithographers’, Bookbinders’, and Stationers’ Sales and Wants Advertiser (1887-1890+): London; Monthly; continued as Printers’ Sales and Wants Advertiser.

Printers’ Register (1863-1892): London; Monthly; from 1872 subtitled “with which is incorporated the Newspaper Press”; wrapper title from 1880-1883 “Printers’ Register & Bookbinders’ & Stationers’ Record”; a long-running and essential journal for the practicing printer, edited by such printer-journalist luminaries as Arthur Powell, Talbot Baines Reed, William Dorrington, John Southward, and others.

Printing Times (1873-1890+): London; Monthly; from 1874 merged with The Lithographer and title changed to Printing Times and Lithographer.

The Retail Booksellers’ and Bookbuyers’ Advocate (1836-1837): London; Monthly, three issues only, published by E. Portwine.

Salmon’s Printing Trades Circular (1886-1890): Manchester; Quarterly; printed and published by J. Salmon.

Scottish Typographical Circular (1857-1908): Glasgow; Monthly, published by the Edinburgh Typographical Society for the Scottish Typographical Association; continued as Scottish Typographical Journal (1909-1939)

The Stationer and Fancy Trades’ Register (1865-1890+): London; Monthly; formerly The Stationer; and Papermakers’, Printers’ and Bookbinders’ Circular; from 1865 merged with Fancy Trades Register.

The Stationer; and Papermakers’, Printers’ and Bookbinders’ Circular (1859-1865): London; Monthly; from 1865 merged with Fancy Trades Register; continued as Stationer and Fancy Trades Register with dual numbering.

The Stationers’, Printers’ and Bookbinders’ Monthly Journal (1861): London; Monthly, ten issues only; formerly the Paper-Trades News.

Stationery and Bookselling (1888-1890+): London; Monthly; conducted by J.S. Morriss; formerly Stationery Trade Review and Booksllers’ Journal.

Stationery Trades Journal (1880-1890): London; Monthly.

The Stationery Trade Review (1881-1891): Edinburgh; Monthly, then alternate months from 1882; subtitled “devoted to the interests of the stationery, leather, and fancy goods trades”; variant title from 1884-1888 “…and booksellers’ journal”; continued as Stationery and Bookselling from 1888.

Typographical Circular (1854-1858): London; Monthly, subtitled “a journal devoted to the interests of the printing profession”; not to be confused with Manchester publication of same name two decades later; continues as The London Press Journal & General Trades Advocate.

Typographic Chronicle (1887-1888): London; Irregular; conducted by M.P. McCoy; primarily organ advertising American printing materials, including Golding jobbing presses.

The Typographical Gazette (1846-1847): London; Monthly.

Typographical Protection Circular (1849-1853): London; Monthly, continued as Typographical Circular, London.

Typographical Societies’ Monthly Circular (1852-1874): Manchester; Irregular, published by the Provincial Typographical Association; continued as Provincial Typographical Circular (1875-1877); continued as Typographical Circular (1878-1890+)[1904?].

Vigilance Gazette (1888-1890): London; Monthly; published by the Vigilance Association; subtitled “a monthly journal devoted to the interests of the London Society of Compositors”; variant title from 1889 The London Printers’ Circular and Vigilance Gazette.


Proposed Topics:

[a very preliminary list of topics with a few draft remarks to flesh out those in the current DNCJ]


Artistic Printing: a typographic aesthetic developed in the 1880s as a reaction to the perceived backwardness and low production values of British printing; influenced by technical innovations and mastery by American and continental European, particularly German, printers; characterized by florid use of display types, ornament, and colour; epitomized by contributions to the Printers’ International Specimen Exchange; title of influential book compiled by John Southward (1891); by late 1890s, style was deemed excessive as printers adopted emergent art nouveau aesthetic.

Co-operative Printing Societies: see <Co-operative Press> but could do with an entry on its own.

Fancy Goods: a category of ephemeral printing and stationery including cards, diaries, scrapbooks, postcards, etc., sold by printers, stationers, booksellers.

Jobbing Printing: see <Printing Presses>: jobbing printing was the bread-and-butter of printing houses, particularly those devoted to newspaper, magazine, and journal printing as opposed to book printing; jobbing presses were relatively inexpensive and portable, required only one operator, and facilitated the equivalent of print-on-demand jobs that kept healthy cash flows; jobbing presses were the mainstay of many smaller printing firms; much of the typographical experimentation feeding into the artistic printing movement from the 1880s, particularly for the Printers’ International Specimen Exchange which led to the development of specialist printing materials and attention to higher production values, was executed on jobbing platen presses.

Printers’ and suppliers’ house journals: comparable to <House Magazines and Publishers> in that they provided an opportunity for the advertising and promotion of equipment, technical tips, and innovations or were dedicated in-house publications but circulated and known more widely. They prided themselves on high production values. See Caslon’s Circular; Hailing’s Circular; Hazell’s Magazine.

Trade manuals: differ from <Trade Press> in that they break the traditional code of silence and discuss trade practices. These “how-to” manuals are, in effect, textbooks that bridge the earlier trade guilds’ tacit knowledge with their individual master-apprentice relationships and the later trade unions’ focus on organized and institutionally-based technical education.

Typographical journals: often the organ of specific printing unions, associations, or societies; expansive content with technical tips, domestic and international trade news, correspondence, advertising, literary works including poetry, reports of social events, particularly the annual printing house wayzgoose; part of a global cut-and-paste network; includes Scottish Typographical Circular, Leeds Typographical Circular, Australasian Typographical Circular, South African Typographical Journal, Typo (NZ), etc.